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Norfolk: Swainsthorpe

William White's History, Gazetteer, and Directory of Norfolk 1883

[Transcription copyright © Pat Newby]

SWAINSTHORPE, 5½ miles S. by W. of Norwich, is a parish having a station on the Great Eastern Railway, and is in Henstead union, Humbleyard hundred, Norwich county court district and bankruptcy court district, Norwich polling district of South Norfolk, Humbleyard rural deanery, Norfolk archdeaconry, and gives name to a petty sessional division. The parish had 291 inhabitants in 1881, and comprises 821 acres of land. The rateable value is £1758. Henstead Union Workhouse, which is in this parish, had 91 paupers in 1881. F.W.K. Long, Esq., is owner of the soil, and lord of the two manors.

The CHURCH (St. Peter) consists of nave, chancel, north aisle, and large porch. The tower contains three bells, and is round at the base and octagonal above. The windows of the aisle are lancet-shaped, but most of the others are of the Perpendicular period, though evidently of much later date than the walls. The porch has Early English windows, and contains a stoup. The roof of the church is supported by well-carved spandrels, and has eight figures of angels on the hammer-beams. The corbels are also carved. Here are marble tablets of the Dearsley and Rump families, and a brass to Captain Havers, who served Queen Elizabeth, and died in 1628.

F.W.K. Long, Esq., is patron of the rectory, valued in the King's Book at £12 13s. 4d., and now at £627, with that of Newton Flotman annexed to it, in the incumbency of the Rev. Henry C. Long, B.A. The rectory-house is at Newton, and the tithes of Swainsthorpe have been commuted for £250 a year.

Here was formerly another church, dedicated to St. Mary, but it was demolished at the Reformation, and its site is now occupied by a small round building.

The poor have £2 a year left by John Pye, in 1697. The cottagers have pasturage on a common of 16 acres, by paying 7s. a year each for repairing the fences.

The National School is supported by subscription, and attended by about 50 children.

PETTY SESSIONS are now held at the Union every first and third Friday in the month for Swainsthorpe division (see page 35 [which is the entry for the Norfolk Petty Sessional Divisions, showing the parishes in this division]).

HENSTEAD UNION comprises 37 parishes, and extends over an area of 65 square miles, and had 10,636 inhabitants in 1881. The average annual expenditure of the 37 parishes from 1832 to 1835 was £10,231. In 1838 it was £8880; in 1839, £6931; in 1840, £5118; in 1842, £4784; and for the year ended Lady Day 1883, £4421. The UNION WORKHOUSE is at Swainsthorpe, in Humbleyard Hundred, and was built in 1835, at a cost of £6200, and was enlarged in 1858. It has room for 250 inmates. (For union officers, &c., see 'Additions and Corrections.')

The following enumeration of the parishes in the union shows their territorial extent, their population and inhabited houses in 1881, and present rateable value. [Note: inhabited houses were not included.]

Parish Acres Population Rateable
Arminghall    650     120 1,460  50
Bixley    760     160 1,434100
Bracon Ash    974     282 1,657  80
Bramerton    728     249 1,799  00
Caistor St. Edmund 1,044     143 1,555  00
Colney    948       95 1,266  00
Cringleford    980     225 2,150  00
Dunston    616       73 1,247150
East Carlton 1,213     284 1,995  00
Flordon    929     178 1,719  50
Framingham Earl    560     139    926100
Framingham Pigot    608     234 1,468100
Hethel 1,428     149 1,946  50
Hetherssett [sic] 2,674  1,123 6,236  50
Holverstone    480       18    533  26
Intwood    617       35 1,439150
Keswick    729     148 1,744150
Ketteringham 1,680     210 3,051  50
Kirby Bedon    625     269 2,457150
Markshall 2,280       54 1,173  50
Great Melton 2,485     311 3,683  50
Little Melton    671     357 1,417  00
Mulbarton 1,348     518 2,715150
Newton Flotman 1,173     284 2,307  00
Great (or East) Poringland   }       
Little (or West) Poringland   } 1,740     471 2,263139
Rockland, St. Mary 1,360     442 2,438100
Saxlingham Nethergate }      529 2,745  76
Saxlinghamthorpe         }  2,111     146    971  00
Shottesham All Saints                       }       379 2,374  50
Shottesham St. Mary and St. Martin } 3,544     316 2,935  50
Stoke Holy Cross 1,659     414 2,933  00
Surlingham 1,767     486 2,689  00
Swainsthorpe (W.)    821     291 1,758  50
Swardeston    933     339 1,910  20
Trowse Newton (civil) 1,153     610 3,205  50
Whitlingham    542       70   638  00
Wremingham [sic] 1,528     485 2,584  00
Total31,058     ---     ---

POST OFFICE at Thos. Andrews'. Letters viâ Norwich and Stoke Holy Cross arrive at 7.30 a.m., despatched at 5 p.m. Mulbarton is nearest Money Order and Norwich nearest Telegraph Office.

	Andrews     Thomas           shopkeeper and sub-postmaster
	Baxter      Mrs Sarah        butcher
	Brandford   Ezra             farmer and victualler, Dun Cow
	Brown       Anthony          blacksmith
	Canham      William Herbert  stationmstr
	Carpenter   Robert           (C. & Williamson); h Fern hill
	Carpenter &                  brick and tile manufacturers, and
	 Williamson                    corn and coal merchants and
	                               farmers, and at Wymondham
	Catchpole   James            wheelwright
	Godfrey     John Chas.       relieving officer and registrar
	              Filbee           of births, deaths, and marriages
	Mutimer     George           farmer, Rookery fm
	Mutimer     George Hy.       farmer, Hall fm
	Raven       Benjamin         farmer, Church fm
	Sandal      Miss Catherine
	              Mary           schoolmistress
	Sanders     Mrs Eliza        matron of workho
	Sanders     James Stephen    master of workhouse and superintendent
	                               registrar of births, deaths &
	                               mariges [sic]
	Savory      John William     farmer
	Smith       Charles          shoemaker
	Swan        Mrs Eliza Jane   schoolmistress at workhouse
	Utting      William          shopkeeper
	Waller      Enoch            parish clerk for Swainsthorpe and
	                               Dunston; h Dunston

CARRIERS from Pulham and Stratton St. Mary pass through to Norwich on Mon., Wed., and Sat.


Henstead Union.
The expenditure of the union for the year ended Lady Day, 1883, was £4421. Elward [sic] Palgrave Simpson, Esq., of Norwich, is union clerk; chaplain, Rev. F. Cavell, of Swardeston; master of workhouse and superintendent registrar, James Stephens Sanders; matron, Mrs. Eliza Sanders; relieving officer and registrar of births and deaths for Henstead district, William Henry Lockwood, Poringland, near Norwich; relieving officer and registrar of births and deaths for Humbleyard district, John Charles F. Godfrey, Mulbarton, near Norwich; schoolmistress of workhouse, Mrs. Jane Swann. The union surgeons are - 1st district, T.W. Richardson; 2nd district, Robert I. Mills, both of Norwich; 3rd district, George Lowe, of Wymondham; 4th district, F.W. Merry (Shotesham, near Norwich).

Petty sessions for the Swainsthorpe division are held at the workhouse on the first and third Friday in each month at 11 a.m.; clerk to the magistrates, E.P. Simpson.

See also the Swainsthorpe parish page.

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Copyright © Pat Newby.
December 2008