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Norfolk: Stow Bardolph

William White's History, Gazetteer, and Directory of Norfolk 1883

[Transcription copyright © Pat Newby]

STOW-BARDOLPH, a small village on the Lynn and Ely Railway, and on the Lynn road, nearly 2 miles N. by E. of Downham, is in Downham union and county court district, Lynn bankruptcy district, Downham polling district of West Norfolk, Clackclose hundred and petty sessional division, Fincham rural deanery, and archdeaconry of Norfolk.

It had 1054 inhabitants in 1881, living on 6127 acres of land, more than half of which is fen, but well cultivated, being drained and enclosed under Acts passed in 1798 and 1802. It extends beyond the middle level drain, and nearly to North Delph Bridge, including parts of Salter's Lode and Barroway Drove, and has a rateable value of £8550.

About 2 miles W.N.W. of the village is the hamlet of Stow-Bridge, on the river Ouse, where there is a fair for the sale of horses, cows, &c., on the Saturday after Whitsuntide.

Thomas Leigh Hare, Esq., owns a great part of the soil, and is lord of the manors, which were purchased in 1553 by his ancestor, Sir Nicholas Hare, who was lord keeper of the great seal and one of the privy council of Queen Mary. Messrs. Joseph Morton, Charles Edwards, and other smaller owners have estates in the parish. Stow Hall, the seat of Thomas Leigh Hare, Esq., originally built in 1589, at a cost of £40,000, by Nicholas Hare, Esq., and modernised in 1796, was rebuilt of red brick with stone dressings in 1874, at a cost of about £18,000. It is in the Elizabethan style, and stands in a well-wooded park of about 260 acres. It is the seat of Thomas Leigh Hare, Esq.

The CHURCH (Holy Trinity) consists of nave, north porch, chancel with north chapel, and low square tower. The latter is Norman, and contains five bells and a clock with chimes, but the rest of the building is Early English, and was thoroughly restored and partly rebuilt in 1850, at a cost of about £2100. The patron contributed more than £1500, and the remainder was raised by subscription and rate.

The seats are open benches of oak with poppy heads, and the new oak screen is a beautiful example of the Decorated style. The pulpit, altar and font are of handsomely carved Caen stone. All the windows of the church are filled with stained glass, and the floor is paved with Staffordshire tiles. On the south side of the chancel are three sedilia, a double piscina, a lychnoscope, and a priest's door, all of which have been judiciously restored.

The mortuary chapel on the north side of the chancel was built in 1589 by Nicholas Hare, Esq., and re-roofed and leaded in 1624 by Sir John Hare. It contains several beautiful monuments of the Hare family, amongst which is an altar-tomb of white marble, on which lies the effigy of Sir Thomas Hare. During the restoration a number of mural paintings were discovered in the nave, some of them possessing considerable merit. The represented St. Christopher, the martyrdom of King Edmund, &c. The ancient Norman stoup, and portions of several stone coffins, were found in the walls.

The discharged vicarage, valued in the King's Book at £6 6s. 8d., and now worth £538 per annum, with rectory of Wimbotsham attached, is in the patronage of Thomas Leigh Hare, Esq., who also owns the great tithes. The Rev. Edward Blencowe, B.A., is the vicar, and has a good residence, built in 1778 and enlarged in 1847. The tithes of Stow-Bardolph were commuted in 1845 for £352 4s. 8d. to the impropriator, and £159 to the vicar.

In 1873, a handsome school, with master's house adjoining, was erected by the late Sir Thomas Hare, near Stow-Bridge, at a cost of about £1000. The school is dedicated to St. Paul, and is licensed for divine worship. In 1877 a SCHOOL BOARD was formed for this parish and Wimbotsham. The present members are Messrs. William Goulder (chairman), John Morton, E. Durrant, William Lewis, and John Hutson. Mr. E.S. Copeman is clerk to the Board. They hold the schools belonging to T.L. Hare, Esq., at a low rent.

Here are six almshouses, built by Sir Ralph Hare, Kt., who endowed them in 1622 with 86A. 3R. of land in the parish of Wiggenhall St. Mary Magdalen, the rent of which, after payment of incidental expenses, ought to be divided in money, coal, and clothing, among the six almspeople, who are generally poor widows, and are appointed by Thomas L. Hare, Esq., the sole trustee. The rent of the Town Lands, 18 acres, is partly carried to the overseers' accounts, and partly dispensed in doles to the poor.

At Stow-Bridge are chapels belonging to the Baptists, Primitive Methodists, and Methodist Free Church.

Here is a Wall Letter-Box, cleared at 7 p.m. week days, and 11.15 Sundays. There is also a receiving office at Mr. Geo. Howlett's, Stow-Bridge, where letters are received at 7.30 a.m. and despatched at 5.45 p.m., viâ Downham, which is the nearest Money Order and Telegraph Office.

Those with * opposite their names should be addressed Outwell, Wisbech

	  Alflatt   Goodens          bricklayer, builder, brickmaker,
	                               and farmer
	  Alflatt   Jas. Hy.         bricklayer and builder
	  Asplin    Peter            farmer, Stow bridge
	  Bates     Mrs Hanh.        fmr. Barroway drove
	  Beart     Chas.            farmer, West Head farm
	  Bell      Thomas           blacksmith
	  Blencowe  Rev. Ed.
	              Everard, B.A.  vicar
	  Bonus     Wm.              bootmaker, Stow bridge
	  Bush      George           farmer
	  Bussens   William          estate agent to T.L. Hare, Esq.
	  Carter    Elijah           farmer
	  Carter    Samuel           coal mert. Stow bridge
	  Cooper    Robert           beerhouse, brewer, and farmer,
	                               Stow bridge
	  Filby     Edward           farmer
	  Flatman   Charles          farmer, Stow bridge
	  Foreman   Jas.             farm bailiff, Salter's lode
	  Fox       Geo.             bootmaker, Stow bridge
	  Gill      William          police sergeant
	  Goddard   John             G.E.R. station-master, Stow bridge
	  Gooden    -                beerhouse, Stow bridge
	  Gore      Frederick        farmer
	  Griggs    John             vict. Crown Inn, butcher, and farmer,
	                               Stow bridge
	  Groom     George           beerhouse, Stow bridge
	  Grounds   John             farmer and landowner, Barroway drove
	  Hammond   Wm.              blacksmith, Stow bdge.
	  Harpley   John             blacksmith, Stow bridge
	  Hopkin    Wm. Wells        farmer, Home frm.
	  Howlett   Geo.             grocer & draper, Stow bdge.
	  Howlett   Robt.            assistant overseer, road surveyor, &
	                               collctr. of taxes for Stow Bardolph
	                               & Wimbotsham, Stow bdge.
	  Hudson    Fredk.           farmer
	  Hutson    John             corn & coal merchant, & farmer,
	                               Stow bridge
	  Jones     George           farmer, Hill farm
	* Judd      John             farmer, Fen
	  King      Thomas           farmer, Salter's lode
	  Lewis     Fras. jun.       fm. blff. Barroway drove
	  Lewis     Wm.              farmer & land owner, Barroway drove
	  Lockwood  Chas.            carpenter & wheelwrt.
	  Morton    Jno.             fmr. & ld. owner, Fences fm.
	  Morton    Jph.             fmr. & ld. owner, New bdge.
	  Murfet    John Thomas      farmer
	* Proctor   Wm. Kemp         farmer, Fen
	  Reeve     John             farmer, Westhead road
	  Reeve     Wm. Thos.        corn miller & farmer, Stow bridge
	  Rolfe     Edward           farmer, Westhead road
	  Rolfe     Fredk. Wm.       farmer, Stow bridge
	  Rolfe     Thomas           farmer, Westhead road
	  Rolfe     William          farmer, Stow bridge
	  Savage    Robert           farmer, Stow bridge
	  Sayle     Harry            vict. Hare Arms, plumber, glazier,
	                               painter, and paperhanger
	  Sherwood  Edward           blacksmith
	  Southwell Robt.            farmer & landowner, Barroway drove
	  Stimson   Samuel           cowkeeper
	  Taylor    Westwood Tiffin  carpenter, Stow bridge
	  Fowler    Isaac            beerhouse, Stow bridge
	  Wright    Wm.              grocer, draper, & baker, Stow bridge
G.E. RAILY. STATION. - John Goddard, stationmaster. Trains to Lynn, Ely, and all parts, several times a day

See also the Stow Bardolph parish page.

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Copyright © Pat Newby.
September 2007