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Norfolk: Horsham St Faith with Newton St Faith

William White's History, Gazetteer, and Directory of Norfolk 1883

[Transcription copyright © Pat Newby]

ST. FAITH'S is a united parish, consisting of the parishes of Horsham St. Faith and Newton St. Faith, two villages distant from 4 to 5 miles N. of Norwich, on the Aylsham Road. The parish, which has a rateable value of £5265, is in the union of St. Faith, Norwich county court district and bankruptcy district, Taverham petty sessional division, hundred, and rural deanery, Norwich archdeaconry, and St. Faith's polling district of South Norfolk. It had 748 inhabitants in 1881, living on 1650 acres of land.

At the enclosure, in 1802, 58A. 3R. 38P. of heath were awarded to the poor of Horsham. The Lynn and Fakenham Railway, in course of construction, passes near the village. The village of Horsham is situated above the small rivulet called Hor, and was once celebrated for its cattle fair, which has long been discontinued. Upwards of 100 persons are here engaged in the manufacture of hair-seating.

Hugh de Cressi had a weekly market here in 1257, but it has long been obsolete. Here were also a Benedictine Priory and an Hospital of Knights Templars. The priory, dedicated to St. Faith the Virgin and Martyr, was founded by Robert de Codomo, lord of Horsford, and Sibilla his wife, in the year 1105; after which, numerous bequests were made to it by the families who possessed this and the adjacent manor of Horsford. In the reign of Richard II. this priory was discharged from its subjection to the abbey of Couches, in France, and constituted indigeni. At the Dissolution its annual revenues were valued at £193 2s. 3½d., and granted with the rectory and advowson of Horsford to Sir Richard Southwell and Edward Ellington, Esq.

Some of the boundary walls of the priory still remain on the Abbey farm, near the CHURCH, which is a remarkably fine old edifice, chiefly of the Perpendicular period, but retaining some Early Decorated features. It was greatly restored by subscription in 1873, when a new organ was built, and six new bells hung in the tower. It consists of a lofty nave with aisles, chancel, south porch, and square tower with four bells. The porch has a fine groined roof and a chamber or parvise above. The triple lancet window at the east end is filled with stained glass representing Faith, Hope, and Charity, given by the late R. Twining, Esq. of London, in memory of his parents. A double piscina still remains; and here is also a handsomely carved screen. There is a hagioscope in the south aisle.

The benefice is a perpetual curacy, valued at only £95, though augmented in 1773 and 1801, with £400 of Queen Anne's Bounty, and in 1813 with a Parliamentary grant of £1200. The Rev. J.D. Ballance, M.A., of Horsford, is the incumbent, and Viscount Ranelagh is the patron, impropriator, lord of the manor, and principal owner of the soil. The impropriate tithes were commuted in 1842 for £711 per annum. A parsonage-house was built in 1866, on a piece of land given by the patron.

The Wesleyans have a chapel here, built in 1818, and enlarged in 1844.

NEWTON is a village, one mile N. of Horsham, but has no church; it had 243 inhabitants in 1881, living on 750 acres of land. For ecclesiastical and civil purposes it is the same as Horsham, and both combined form the parish of St. Faith's. The Primitive Methodists have a chapel here, built in 1872.

The NATIONAL SCHOOL, built in 1853, is a neat edifice with residence attached, and lies nearly at an equal distance from both villages. It is a mixed school under a mistress - average attendance, 132. R. Twining, Esq., gave £130 towards the cost of the building, and in 1858 he bequeathed to it the sum of £450 three per cent. consols. He also left the interest of £180 invested in the same securities, to provide for distributions of fuel to the poor.

ST. FAITH'S UNION has for its workhouse the old House of Industry at Horsham St. Faith, which was built in 1805, for Coltishall and thirteen other parishes, which were incorporated in that year for the support of their poor. This house has 10 acres of land attached to it, and was enlarged about 30 years ago at a cost of £1000, and in 1849 at a cost of £3000. It has room for 450 inmates, but it had only 84 pauper inmates in 1881. It comprises an area of 75 square miles, and in 1881 had a population of 11,418, of whom 5600 were males and 5818 females, living in 2512 houses. The average annual expenditure of its parishes from 1832 to 1835 was £10,525; but in 1838 it was only £5837; and in 1839, £6227; and it is now about £7000.

James Dickerson and wife, master and matron; Ellen R. Jeckell, schoolmistress; M.L. Runn, nurse; Geo. Woodcock, porter; Rev. J.D. Ballance, chaplain; Geo. R. Cooke, clerk; Thomas Johnson and Herbert A. Carman, relieving, enquiry, and vaccination officers; James Fielding, Hugh Taylor, Edmund Reeve, and George Tayler, medical officers and public vaccinators; William Birkbeck, Esq., treasurer; Shephard T. Taylor, medical officer of health; John Dunt, inspector of nuisances.

The following enumeration of the parishes in the union shows their territorial extent, their population in 1881, and present rateable value:-

Parishes   Acres Population
1881
Rateable
Value
Parishes   Acres Population
1881
Rateable
Value
       ST. FAITH'S.
Felthorpe
Haveringland
Brandistone
Booton
Great Witchingham
Little Witchingham
Alderford
Swannington
Attlebridge
Morton-on-the-Hill
Weston Longville
Honingham
Ringland
Taverham
Horsford
Horsham St. Faith's (W.)
Newton St. Faith's
 
2,247
2,064
763
1,021
2,273
726
432
1,314
1,243
1,750
2,750
2,563
1,212
2,069
4,203
} 2,302
 
 
463
116
142
203
565
41
37
326
66
143
404
343
326
207
697
1,082
 
 
1,574
1,788
1,358
1,679
3,919
1,155
671
1,864
1,137
1,004
3,789
3,487
1,436
2,421
3,895
5,265
 
       SPROWSTON.
Haynford
Frettenham
Horstead with Stanninghall
Wroxham
Salhouse
Rackheath
Crostwick
Spixworth
Beeston St. Andrew
Sprowston
Catton
Drayton
Hellesdon (part of
   Hellesdon ancient)
 
Total
 
1,760
1,580
2,687
1,494
2,026
2,010
693
1,215
623
2,576
906
1,289
 
1,162

48,953
 
629
220
565
378
622
302
159
64
39
1,782
751
408
 
* 338

11,418
 
2,653
2,270
3,738
2,256
2,740
3,055
899
2,116
1,144
6,131
3,770
2,030
 
1,583

70,829
W. signifies Workhouse included in population, &c. * Including 174 lunatics in the County Asylum.

HORSHAM ST. FAITH'S.

POST OFFICE at Mr. Thomas Fox's. Letters received at 4.30 a.m., despatched at 6.10 p.m., and on Sundays at 5.55 p.m., viâ Norwich, which is the nearest Money Order and Telegraph Office.

	Barker    Edmd. M.R.C.V.S. and farmer, and inspector (Contagious
	                             Diseases Animals Act) for Taverham
	                             hundred
	Bloom     Francis Stephen  horsehair manufacturer; h Norwich
	Bonnick   Richard          vict. The Swan
	Brown     Mrs Elizabeth    market gardener
	Bullard   Robert           farmer, Mill farm
	Cable     Mrs Hannah       vict. King's Head
	Carman    Mrs Mary         The Moyse
	Coldham   Hy.              butcher & vict. Crown Inn
	Cook      Robins           farmer, Heath farm
	Cook      William Warner   farmer
	Eglington Richard          miller and shopkpr
	Farman    William          basket maker
	Flaxman   Mrs Ann Lacy     victualler, The White House
	Forster   William          bricklayer and bldr
	Fox       (Thomas)
	 & Gold     (John)         carpenters and builders
	Fox       John             shoemaker
	Fox       Thomas           joiner & sub-postmaster
	Hawkes    John, M.D.,      surgeon to Union workhs & public
	            M.R.C.S.         vaccinator
	Jermy     William          engineer, iron and brass founder, &c.
	Laws      John             victualler, Cross Keys
	Lovick    Mrs Mary Anne    shopkeeper
	Lovick    Thos.            wholesale butcher & frmr
	Mathews   Samuel           surgeon; h Dereham road, Norwich
	Moore     -                manager
	Morgan    Rev. Alfd.       curate of St. Faith's
	Pearce    William Neale    blacksmith
	Potter    Henry            joiner and shopkeeper
	Pratt     Mrs Martha
	Randall   Henry            harness mkr. & saddler
	Randall   Henry Pestell    grocer, &c.
	Reynolds  George Edward
	Reynolds  George           shoemaker
	Reynolds  Jno. Wm.         frmr.; h Keswick
	Reynolds  Owen             shoemaker
	Rice      James            butcher
	Smith     Chas.            organist St. Faith's Church
	Spruce    Robert           grocer
	Thrower   George           market gardener
	Woodcock  William          market gardener and beerhouse,
	                             Jolly Butchers
	Woolsey   Wm.              butcher and cattle dlr

CARRIER - A carrier passes through St. Faith's every week day to and from Aylsham

NEWTON ST. FAITH'S.

POST OFFICE at Horsham St. Faith's. Wall Letter Box at Mrs. Bullard's, cleared at 6 p.m.

	Bateley   John             carpenter and builder
	Bircham   John             vict. The Crown
	Bone      Wm.              pork butcher & shopkeeper
	Bullard   Mrs Anne         grocer and farmer
	Carman    Herbert A.       relieving officer
	Cooper    Mrs Rachel       shopkeeper
	Lacy      John             farmer, Meadow farm
	Newton    Wm. jun.         beerhs. The Fir Tree
	Newton    William          poultry dealer
	Reynolds  William          farmer, Wood farm
	Woodcock  Fred             market gardener
	Woodcock  Joseph           farmer
	Woodcock  Jph.             frmr. & assist. overseer
	Woodcock  Peter            market gardener
	Woodcock  Richard          cattle dealer
	Woodcock  Wheeler          cattle dealer

CARRIER - A carrier passes every week day through the village to and from Aylsham to Norwich


See also the Horsham St Faith with Newton St Faith parish page.

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Copyright © Pat Newby.
February 2015