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Norfolk: Cawston

William White's History, Gazetteer, and Directory of Norfolk 1883

[Transcription copyright © Pat Newby]

CAWSTON is a considerable village and parish, 2 miles E. of Reepham, and 4 miles W.S.W. of Aylsham, on the East Norfolk extension of the Great Eastern Railway (which was opened in 1881). The parish, which includes the scattered hamlets of Eastgate, Southgate, and Woodrow, is in Aylsham union and county court district, South Erpingham petty sessional division, South Erpingham hundred, Norwich bankruptcy district, Aylsham polling district of North Norfolk, Ingworth rural deanery, and Norwich archdeaconry. It had 1093 inhabitants in 1881, living on 4296 acres, and has a rateable value of £5359.

Three fairs are held here annually, on February 1, and the last Wednesdays in April and August, the latter of which is a large sheep fair. Colonel W.E.G.L. Bulwer owns a great part of the soil, and is lord of the manor, which he holds in free socage of the Duchy of Lancaster, in token of which he has carried before him (or his steward) on the court days, a brazen hand holding a ploughshare and a mace surmounted by a bearded arrow. The custom of the manor is gavelkind, with dower and arbitrary fines. In 1263, John de Burgh obtained a charter for a market here every Wednesday, and a fair on October 1 and 2, but these have long been obsolete.

The CHURCH (St. Agnes) is a noble cruciform structure of freestone, with a fine square tower containing six bells; the whole built by Michael de la Pole (Earl of Suffolk) and Catherine his wife, except the north aisle. In the windows are some fragments of ancient stained glass, and on the east wall of the south transept a painting of Saint Agnes was discovered some years ago. The ancient screen still remains, and its twenty lower panels have finely-coloured paintings of the Apostles and other saints, including a remarkable one of John Schorn holding a boot, into which he has just 'conjured the devil.' The doors of the screen have figures of the four doctors of the church - St. Ambrose, St. Jerome, St. Gregory, and St. Augustine.

The rectory, valued in the King's Book at £15 13s. 11d., is in the gift of Pembroke Hall, Cambridge, and incumbency of the Rev. Theodore Henry Marsh, M.A., who has a spacious residence and a yearly rent-charge of £1023, awarded in 1845 in lieu of tithes, with a glebe of 13 acres. The Church Land is 1A. 3R.

In a small planting near Woodrow Inn, is a monument in memory of Sir Henry Hobart, who was killed here in a duel with Oliver Neve, in 1698. On the north side of the parish is Docking farm, where, it is said, there was anciently a large village called Alvington.

The poor ought to have the interest of £120, left by Robert Mott, in 1760, Edward Dewing, in 1764, and Edward Lombe, in 1740, but it has long been lost. In 1818, Dr. Baker, the late rector, left the interest of £100 for the support of a Sunday School. At the enclosure of the Heath, in 1802, an allotment of 106A. was awarded to the parishioners for fuel.

Here are two chapels belonging to the Wesleyans and the Primitive Methodists, the former built in 1829 and the latter in 1861. A National School was erected in 1869, by W.E.L. Bulwer, Esq., and is attended by 180 children. A Reading Room and Library were established here in 1863, and have about 30 members.

POST, MONEY ORDER OFFICE, and SAVINGS BANK at S. Mears's. Letters arrive at 8.30 a.m., and are despatched at 3.0 p.m., viâ Norwich. The nearest Telegraph Office is at Reepham.

	Austin     Mrs Mary Ann      butcher and victualler, Lamb Inn
	Barber     Alfred            watchmaker
	Bird       Edward John       school attendance officer,
	                               sanitary inspector, manure, corn
	                               & seed mercht. & insurance agt
	Bird       Mrs Eliza         farmer
	Blogg      John              parish clerk
	Brett      Edward Charles    shopkeeper
	Brown      Rev. Thomas
	             Medlicott, B.A. vicar of Haveringland
	 & Sons                      coal merchs.; & Norwich
	Cork       Mrs
	Davidson   Samuel            bootmaker & beerhouse, Southgate
	Dunn       Major Richd.      plumber, glazier, and victualler,
	                               Prince of Wales
	Easton     Isaac             farmer, Eastgate
	Easton     James             farmer, Wood farm
	Easton     John Wm.          farmer, Southgate
	Easton     Joseph            farmer, Eastgate
	Easton     Robert            farmer, Eastgate
	Easton     Robert            carrier
	Farrow     W.                vict. Woodrow Inn
	Fuller     William C.        clerk
	Gaff       Richard           shopkeeper, Eastgate
	Galley     William           vict. Rat Catcher
	Garrod     William Wells     day school
	George     Mrs Sarah
	Green      Saml. Kerridge    butcher & frmr
	Hickling   John Shepheard    land agent, auctioneer, valuer
	                               and farmer; and at Brandiston,
	                               Sall, & Haveringland
	Howard     Christopher       farmer
	Howard     Frederick Chas.   grcr. & drpr
	Howard     Horace            travelling draper
	Jeary      Robert            tailor
	Kiddell    Jas. John         farmer, Beerhs. fm
	Knapp      Hy. & Mrs Chrlte. schl. teachers
	Laxton     William           carrier
	Manthorpe  Robert            shopkeeper and victualler,
	                               Ship, Eastgate
	Marsh      Rev. Theodore
	             Henry, M.A.     rector, The Rectory
	Massingham William           cooper
	Meachen    Edgar Abhm.       G.E. statnmstr
	Mears      Stephen           postmaster
	Mears      William           blacksmith
	Neale      William           vict. White Horse
	Newstead   Edmund            grocer & draper
	Nichols    Mrs Mary          Eastgate
	Olley      Thomas            tailor
	Ottway     Thomas            blacksmith
	Parnell    Henry             bootmaker
	Phillipo   Edwd.             farmer, Docking farm
	Pye        James             baker and farmer
	Russell    Edwd.             watchmkr.; & Foulsham
	Russell    John              baker
	Seaton     -                 saddler & harness maker
	Seely      Alfred            farmer, Eastgate
	Shreeve    Thos.             coal mert.; & Aylsham
	Tuddenham  John              farmer, Eastgate
	Wakeford   William & Son     wine and spirit merchants,
	                               grocers & drapers
	Wakeford   Mrs Elizabeth
	Watts & Co.                  coal and coke merchants
	Watts      William           builder, contractor, brickmaker,
	                               well sinker, &c.
	Watts      William           shopkeeper & sexton

CARRIERS. - W. Laxton, to Norwich, Mon. Wed. and Sat.; R. Easton, Wed. and Sat.
RAILWAY. - G.E. station. E.A. Meachen, stationmaster

See also the Cawston parish page.

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Copyright © Pat Newby.
December 2012