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Norfolk: Cawston

William White's History, Gazetteer, and Directory of Norfolk 1845

[Transcription copyright © Richard Johns]

CAWSTON is a considerable village and parish, 2 miles E. of Reepham, and 4 miles W.S.W. of Aylsham, comprising 1130 inhabitants, 4296A. of land (only 3805A. assessable,) and the scattered hamlets of Eastgate, Southgate and Woodrow, the latter of which has a good inn on the Norwich and Holt road, 1 mile E. of the village. Three FAIRS are held here annually on Feb. 1st, and the last Wednesdays in April and August; the latter of which is a large sheep fair.

W.E.L. Bulwer, Esq., owns a great part of the soil, and is lord of the manor, which he holds in free soccage of the Duchy of Lancaster; in token of which, he has carried before him (or his steward,) on the court days, a brazen hand holding a ploughshare, and a mace surmounted by a bearded arrow. The custom of the manor is gavelkind, with dower and arbitrary fines. In 1263, John de Burgh obtained a charter for a market here every Wednesday, and a fair on October 1st and 2nd, but these have long been obsolete.

The Church (St. Agnes,) is a noble Gothic structure of freestone, in the crucifix form, with a fine square tower, containing six bells; the whole built by Michael de la Pole, (Earl of Suffolk,) and Catherine his wife, except the north aisle. In the windows are some fragments of ancient stained glass, and on the screen have been painted figures of the apostles, &c., but these are nearly obliterated.

The Rectory, valued in the King's Book at £15. 13s. 11d, is in the gift of Pembroke Hall, Cambridge, and incumbency of the Rev. A.E.L. Bulwer, B.A., who has a yearly rent of £1023, awarded in 1845, in lieu of tithes. The Church Land is 1A.3R.

In the chancel, are neat mural monuments to the late rector, and his second son, Major Baker, who was killed at the battle of Toulouse, in 1814. In a small planting, near Woodrow Inn, is a monument in memory of Sir Henry Hobart, who was killed there in a duel with Oliver Neve, in 1698. On the north side of the parish, is Docking farm, where it is said there was anciently a large village called Alvington. The Independents have a chapel in the village.

The Workhouse, which was built for 70 paupers of this and adjacent parishes, is now converted into tenements, let by the overseers to the poor parishioners, who have the interest of £120, left by Robert Mott, in 1760, Edward Dewing, in 1764, and Edward Lombe, in 1740. In 1818, Dr. Baker, the late rector, left the interest of £100 for the support of a Sunday School. At the enclosure of the Heath, in 1802, an allotment of 100A. was awarded to the parishioners for fuel.

In the following Directory, those marked 2 are at Eastgate; 3, Southgate; 4, Woodrow; and the rest in Cawston:-

	  Austin     Matthew        beerhouse keeper
	  Austin     Lydia          straw hat maker
	  Austin     Thomas         butcher
	  Austin     Watts          confectioner
	  Baker      Wm.            chimney sweeper
	  Bennett    Robert         baker & flour dealer
	  Bulwer     Rev Augustine
	               Earle Lloyd,
	               B.A.         Rectory
	  Cook       Martha         dressmaker
	  Dewing     Robert         joiner
	  Dewing     Richard        joiner
	  Dewing     Wm.            pump maker
	  Dyball     Samuel         vict. Bell
	  Easton     Edward         vict. White Horse
	4 Easton     Isaac          vict. Woodrow Inn
	  Ellis      Wm.            saddler
	  Fisher     Marker         grocer and draper
	  Fox        Thos.          tailor
	  Holmes     B.             fishmonger
	3 Howes      J.             beerhs
	  Hurrell    Dennis         vict. King's Head
	  Jary       Hy.            tailor
	2 Lewis      Leond.         vict. Ratcatcher Inn
	  Massingham Sarah Ann      straw hat mkr
	  Massingham Wm.            cooper
	  Matthews   John           rat catcher
	  Mears      John           blacksmith
	  Morrell    John           surgeon
	  Ottway     Thomas         blacksmith
	  Pye        Saml.          miller   [see note below]
	  Pye        Matthew        joiner   [see note below]
	  Robins     Joseph         baker & flour dealer
	  Russell    John           watchmaker
	  Sendall    Mr Joseph               [see note below]
	  Sendall    Thomas         postman  [see note below]
	  Slipper    George         smith, wheelwright, beerhouse,
	                              and shopkeeper
	  Southgate  Barnard        sawyer
	  Spencer    Rev C.         curate
	  Sparks     Wm.            wheelwright
	  Springhall Charles        bricklayer
	  Tallant    Wm.            land agent, &c.
	  Thomas     Rev Richard
	  Towell     Mr Mtn
	  Tudnam     James          tailor
	  Wakeford   Eliz. & Son    grocers & drspr
	  Wardigan   Jacob          baker
	  Watts      Wm.            bricklayer
	  Watts      Wm.            hardwareman
	  Wells      Wm.            schoolmaster
	  Yallop     Robert D.      schoolmaster

	    Boot & Shoe Mkrs.

	  Blogg      John
	3 Comer      Wm.
	  Douglas    Wm.
	  Drake      Samuel
	  Harvey     James
	  Wiggett    Wm.
	  Williams   Brettenham
	  Woods      James

	                * are Owners.

	3 Bird       Edward         Howes      James
	  Bond       John         3 Ireland    Sarah
	 *Cable      James        2 Page       Samuel
	  Cook       Wm.            Plane      Wm.
	4 Dix        James        2*Roberson   Hy.
	 *Easton     James          Soames     William, Docking farm
	3 Easton     John           Spencer    John
	3*Easton     Haylett      2 Taylor     Thos.
	  Hickling   Samuel         Williams   John

CARRIERS. Jas. Howes and Wm. Tudnam, to Norwich, W. and Saturday
POST to Reepham, Thomas Sendall.

Note: in the original, these are:
     Pye Saml. miller, & Matthew, joiner
     Sendall Mr Joseph || Thomas, postman

See also the Cawston parish page.

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Copyright © Pat Newby.
February 1999