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Norfolk: Carbrooke

William White's History, Gazetteer, and Directory of Norfolk 1883

[Transcription copyright © Pat Newby]

CARBROOKE, a long village with several neat houses, 2½ miles E. of Watton, is in Wayland union, Attleborough county court district, Norwich bankruptcy district, Wayland petty sessional division, Wayland hundred, Watton polling district of West Norfolk, Beccles [sic] rural deanery, and Norwich archdeaconry. It had 612 inhabitants in 1881, living on 3026 acres, and has a rateable value of £5367. The soil belongs to Sir William Robert Clayton, Bart., and Edward May Dewing, Esq., and lies in the manors of Carbrooke, Woodhall, and Knights Hospitallers of St. John of Jerusalem, of which Edward Robert Grigson is lord. The Hall was enlarged about fifty-eight years ago, and is the property of Edward May Dewing, Esq.

The CHURCH (St. Peter and St. Paul) was rebuilt in the reign of Henry VI., and is a handsome, lofty edifice in the Perpendicular style, comprising nave with aisles, north and south porches, chancel, and square tower 33 yards high, containing five bells. The roof of the nave is richly carved, and the fine ancient rood screen still remains. The nave is furnished with handsome open benches of oak, and the chancel with stalls.

The discharged vicarage, valued in the King's Book at £7 12s. 6d., and now worth £170 a year, is in the patronage of Edward May Dewing, Esq., and incumbency of the Rev. John Fletcher Burrell, T.A.K.C.L., who has a good vicarage house. It was augmented in 1729 with £200 of royal bounty, and £200 given by the Rev. J. Carter; and in 1810 and 1815 with £400 in Parliamentary grants; and in 1868 with about 10 acres of glebe given by Richard Dewing, Esq. The tithes of the impropriate rectory were commuted in 1844 for £482 4s., and the vicarial tithes for £74 4s. per annum. Besides the latter, the vicar has the tithes of 200 acres of land in Great Ellingham.

The Independents and the Primitive Methodists have chapels here.

The National School is attended by about 60 children, and is a neat Elizabethan building of flint and brick. It was built in 1846 by the patron, on land given by Sir W.R. Clayton, Bart., the impropriator of the great tithes. The Church Land, 16A. 1R. 3P., is let on lease for eight years, out of which the poor have 21s. There are also 2A. 2R. of land for the maintenance and repair of roads. The Fuel Allotment, awarded to the poor in 1801, is 56A. 2R. 32P.

Another church anciently stood in an exempt jurisdiction, called Carbrooke Parva, belonging to the commandery or preceptory of Knights Templar, founded here by Roger, Earl of Clare (who died in 1173), and more amply endowed in 1182 by his widow, who gave it to the Knights Hospitallers of St. John of Jerusalem. This house was sometimes called the priory of St. John of Jerusalem, but commonly 'the Commandery of Kerbrook,' and was the only institution of the kind in Norfolk. It was endowed with numerous farms and vassals.

All persons who enjoyed the privileges of this order were allowed to fix a cross upon their houses and lands, which exempted them from the payment of tithes, taxes, and many customary dues. These privileges the Knights, by granting their name and the use of the cross, conferred upon others; and they received in return numbers of small annual payments out of lands and tenements in this and the adjoining counties. But this abuse growing enormous, by many presuming to put a cross upon their property, a statute was enacted in the reign of Edward I. for the confiscation of all property on which crosses were falsely afixed.

On the Dissolution of the Carbrooke preceptory, its revenues were valued at £65 2s. 9d. per annum, and were granted, with the house and its church, to Sir Richard Gresham and Sir Richard Southwell, Knights. No vestiges of the buildings now remain, but the burial ground is still known; and in digging in it in 1737 a curious cross was found, having an oaken stem ornamented with brass bosses.

POST OFFICE at Mr. Samuel Skipper's. Letters from Watton arrive at 7.30 a.m. and are despatched at 5.25 p.m.; Sundays, 10.55 a.m. Watton is the nearest Money Order and Telegraph Office.

	Bird       John                farmer, Low farm
	Buck       Henry               shoemaker
	Bullen     Daniel              miller and farmer
	Burrell    Rev. Jno. Fletcher,
	             T.A.C.K.L.        The Vicarage
	Caddy      Charles             farmer, South moor
	Caddy      George              beerhouse & carpenter
	Caddy      Wm.                 frmr. assistant overseer &
	                                surveyor of highways, Broadmoor
	Catton     Miss Elizabeth      beerhouse
	Charlton   George              cattle dealer and farmer,
	                                 Carbrooke house
	Claxton    William             charcoal burner
	Coleman    Mrs Mary Ann        blacksmith and wheelwright
	Eggling    Perry               farmer, Red Barn
	Field      Mr William          Carbrooke hall
	Goddard    Samuel              miller and farmer
	Greengrass Wm.                 bricklayer & shopkpr
	Haylock    John                hawker
	Hunton     John & Son (Henry)  smiths, ironfounders & agricltl.
	Hunton     Fras.               thrashing machine ownr
	Johnson    James               butcher & flour seller
	Knights    Chas.               dlr. & vict. White Hart
	Lock       Wm.                 farmer, The Hall farm
	Minns      James               baker and butcher
	Murrell    Matthew             joiner and builder, painter, plmbr.
	                                 glazr. & parish clk
	Pittard    Mr Charles          Carbrooke villa
	Playe      Henry               blacksmith, wheelwright and farmer
	Richardson Wm.                 farmer, Ovington rd
	Saunders   John T.             farmer, Broadmoor
	Sayer      James               shoemaker
	Skipper    Saml.               grcr. & drpr. Post Office
	Wace       Leonard Jno.        frmr. Wood farm
	Ward       William             farmer, Fen
	Welcher    William Robert      farmer
	Wheals     Edmund              gardnr. & vict. Crown
	White      John                fowl dealer and farmer
	Whittle    Miss Emma           Natl. schlmstrss
	Woods      William             yeoman
	Wright     John                farmer
	Wright     Robert              farmer, Manor farm


In the first paragraph, "for 'Beccles,' read 'Breccles.'"

See also the Carbrooke parish page.

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Copyright © Pat Newby.
April 2016