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Norfolk: Old Buckenham

William White's History, Gazetteer, and Directory of Norfolk 1883

[Transcription copyright © Pat Newby]

BUCKENHAM (OLD) is a large village of detached houses, skirting a pleasant green of 40 acres, shaded with trees, and distant about 2 miles N. by W. of New Buckenham, and 3 miles S. by E. of Attleborough. It is in Guiltcross union, Attleborough county court district, Norwich bankruptcy district, Shropham hundred, Guiltcross and Shropham petty sessional division, Attleborough polling district of South Norfolk, Rockland rural deanery, and Norfolk archdeaconry. It had 1146 inhabitants in 1881, living on 4986 acres, and has a rateable value of £7566.

The principal landowners are Richard Bird, Esq., Thomas Bird, Esq., Wm. Thos. George, Esq., Christopher Wm. Smith, Esq., Sir Thomas Beevor, Bart., J. and J. Colman, Esqrs., J.O.H. Taylor, Esq., trustees of John Gall, executors of Henry Norton Palmer, Edward Dade Palmer, William Thomas Simpson, H.J. Banyard, Esq., and W.T. Bud, Esq. Old Buckenham Lodge, which was recently purchased by Francis John Gurney, Esq., from A.T. Cockell, is pleasantly situated in a well-wooded park of about 40 acres.

The fee of this place was given by William the Conqueror to William d'Albini, whose son was commonly called 'William with the strong hand,' from his having (as the legends of chivalry relate) killed a lion by thrusting his arm down its throat, after having been thrown into its den by the Queen of France, who was enraged by his refusing the offer of her hand, he being previously affianced to the widow of Henry I., whom he subsequently married. He became Earl of Arundel, in 1139, when he assumed the lion for his crest.

His father, disliking the old Saxon castle here, erected a new castle, a little farther to the east, upon the ancient earthworks, which still exist, and like those of Castle Acre, Rising, Hedingham, and Norwich, comprise a circular work. This fortress consisted of a keep, two circular towers, a grand entrance tower, a barbican, and embattled walls, surrounded by a moat; but nothing now remains except the keep and a few ruined fragments of the gateway.

The second William d'Albini founded a Priory here in 1085, for Augustine canons. At the Dissolution it was valued at £131 11s., and granted to Sir Thomas Knyvet. But few traces of it now remain, though the foundations of its conventual church were extant in Blomefield's time.

The Parish CHURCH (All Saints) is an ancient thatched edifice, comprising nave, chancel, north aisle, and octagonal tower with six bells; and was reseated in 1859. The perpetual curacy, now worth £100 per annum, is in the patronage of the inhabitants, and incumbency of the Rev. Thomas Fulcher, B.A. It was augmented by a parliamentary grant of £800, in 1769, and £200 given by William Holbeck, Esq., in 1768.

The Baptists, Sandemanians, and Primitive Methodists have each a chapel here.

The Poor Lands comprise 5A. 1R. 22P. of land, left by Robert Laughter, in 1622; and 4A. 1R. 11P., left by Andrew Reeder, in the year 1565. The Town Lands, 28A. 17P., were partly allotted at the enclosure in 1790. The Fuel Allotments, awarded at the enclosure, comprise 80A. 2R. 17P., on which the poor cut turf, and 16A. 2R. 3P. The latter, with the herbage of the former, is let. In 1861, Mr. Robert Cocks, of London, erected here a handsome range of buildings, comprising ten almshouses, for ten poor persons of this his native parish.

By a scheme of the Charity Commissioners, dated August 16, 1861, all the charities were amalgamated, including Sturdivant's, Laughter's, Reeder's, The Fen, the Overseer's Land, Church Land, Harvey's Charity, Girling's Charity, and the Rectory trust, and twelve trustees appointed to administer the funds, which in 1881 produced £167 15s., the properties being let from Michaelmas, 1877, for a period of eight years, ending October 11, 1885.

The proceeds were distributed as follows, viz.:- 50 tons of coal, £50; clothing to 209 families at 1s. per head, £33; churchwardens, about £34; school, £28; surveyor, £4 10s.; payment to vicar, £16 13s. 4d. Rev. Thomas Fulcher, vicar, Major William George Keppel, Messrs. W.T. Simpson, Richard Bird, John Gall, C.W. Smith, William Frost, G.P. Johnson, William Scales, W.G. Hammond, and Richard Bowles are the present trustees, and Mr. Edwin Henry Reade is clerk.

The school is under the management of the trustees. The Parochial School was built in 1841, and is chiefly supported by an endowment of £30 10s., derived from the rent of 16A. 21P. of land, purchased with £100 left by Matthew Sturdivant, in 1604. A sum of £50, left by Hugh Harvey, in 1720, has been applied towards the erection of the School. The school, with master's residence attached, will accommodate 160 scholars, and the infant school, now used as a class-room, will accommodate 60; the average attendance is 123.

POST OFFICE at Miss Elizabeth Potter's. Letters are received at 6.45 a.m., and despatched at 7.30 p.m., Sundays at 11 a.m., viâ Attleborough. New Buckenham and Banham are the nearest Money Order Offices.

	Adams      Rev. Arthur Bayley curate
	Aldous     Charles            tailor & parish clerk
	Ashford    T.L.               farm bailiff to Messrs. Ireland
	Bacon      James              farmer
	Banyard    H.J.               farmer
	Barker     Henry              farmer
	Barker     Richard            farmer
	Barnard    Robert             farmer
	Beales     Horace             victualler, Crown
	Beales     William Miller     farmer, corn and coal merchant
	Benns      Charles            shopkeeper
	Betts      Edward Wiseman     farmer and cattle dealer
	Bird       Mr Richard
	Bird       Edward             farmer, Old Hall farm
	Blackbourn John               farmer
	Blyth      Simon              farmer
	Booty      William            farmer
	Bowen      James              wheelwright
	Bowles     Richd.             frmr. & assisnt. ovrseer
	Brighton   James              farmer
	Catlyn     James              farmer
	Chapman    Mrs Francis        frmr. White hse
	Chapman    William            blacksmith
	Clare      H.                 grocer, draper & ironmonger
	Chilvers   David              farmer
	Colman     J. & J.            farmers & merchants
	Cordy      George Riches      farmer
	Dade       Lewis              blacksmith & vict. Sun
	Deane      Rev. William
	             Edward, M.A.     rector of Eccles, The Manor house
	Fitt       Charles Edwd.      plumber & glazier
	Foster     George             bricklayer
	Frost      Charles            farmer
	Frost      William            baker and confectioner
	Fryer      William            farmer
	Fulcher    Rev. Thomas, B.A.  vicar
	Gedge      John               farmer
	Gibson     Thomas             beer house
	Gould      John               farm bailiff to F.J. Gurney
	Gunns      George             farmer
	Gurney     Mr Francis John    Old Buckenham lodge
	Hammond    Walter Geo.        farmer, Hill hse
	Hanton     William            farmer
	Hardy      Charles            farmer
	Hardy      Mrs Margaret       farmer
	Hardy      Peregrine          farmer
	Hardyman   David              farmer
	Hewett     Samuel             farmer
	Hindes     Leonard            barber
	Holl       George Roger       watchmaker and victualler, White Horse
	Howell     W.G.               farmer
	Ireland    H.J.               farmer
	Jessup     George             farmer
	Johnson    Geo. Page          frmr. Bury's hall
	Keppel     Major Wm. Geo.     The Grange
	Kybird     Robert             wheelwright
	Lancaster  Mrs Caroline       butcher
	Lancaster  Frederick          builder
	Linstead   Walter             miller and farmer
	Long       David              baker
	Long       Mrs Susan          vict. Jolly Sportsman
	Loveday    Elisha & Sons      ironfounders and machinists
	Loveday    Mr Thomas
	Loveday    David              farmer
	Loveday    Foulger            shoemaker
	Mallett    James              farmer
	Nordey     Esau               shoemaker
	Norton     John               farmer
	Orvice     John               farmer
	Parish     Bristol            farmer
	Petley     William            cattle dlr. and farmer, Abbey farm
	Petley     William John       vet. surgeon
	Phillips   Abraham            carpenter
	Potter     Mr Barnabas
	Potter     Miss Elizabeth     dressmaker and post office
	Punt       Edward             blacksmith & whlwright
	Reade      Edwin Henry        schoolmaster, clerk to Charity
	                                trustees, School hse
	Saunders   William            farmer
	Scales     William            farmer
	Self       Christopher        farmer
	Simpson    William Thomas     farmer and landowner (Salter & S.),
	                                auctioneers
	Smith      Elisha             shoemaker
	Smith      Mr Christopher Wm. Sunnyside
	Summersby  Miss Charlotte
	Sparrow    David              farmer and carrier
	Tingey     Charles            farmer, Park farm
	Townshend  Mrs Lydia
	Turner     James              shoemaker
	Webster    William            farmer
	Westgate   Albert             cattle dealer and farmer, Castle farm
CARRIER to Norwich, David Sparrow, Saturday


See also the Old Buckenham parish page.

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Copyright © Pat Newby.
September 2009