[Transcription copyright © Pat Newby]
BUCKENHAM (NEW) is a small thriving town in the hundred of Shropham, and parish of its name, 15½ miles S.W. from Norwich, 5 S.E. from Attleborough (where there is a station of the Norfolk Railway), and 98 N.N.E. from London; it formerly had a market, but owing to the nearness of Norwich, and the changes in the times, it has long been discontinued. The town, which contains several streets, and of late has been much improved, stands near the source of the river Waveney, in the centre of a populous neighbourhood, and is much resorted to for its excellent shops; the surrounding country is flat, but particularly fertile.
Some ancient and important privileges are claimed by the inhabitants of Buckenham; among others, the right of selling goods toll free at any fairs or markets in the kingdom, and exemption from serving as jurymen at sessions and assizes. The government of this town is committed to a high bailiff and subordinate officials, who are appointed annually, and a court leet and baron is held periodically, under the authority of the lord of the manor: this functionary has the honour of acting as cup-bearer at the coronation of the Sovereigns of England.
Near the town are the remains of a castle, and there is but little doubt that the parish formed at one period a portion of Old Buckenham. The erection of the castle, with a church attached, would naturally cause a number of residences for the people connected with them to be collected around; in process of time these amounted to a small town, which in ancient documents was styled "Nova Burga de Buckenham."
The church is a handsome structure; its size and excellence of construction are owing to the interest taken for its preservation by the former Lords of the castle. In the interior of the sacred pile, in the front of the gallery, is some curious wood carving, which originally graced an ancient building in the town.
There is a place of worship for Methodists, and recently an excellent parochial school has been erected contiguous to the parish church. A market was formerly held on Saturday, but it, as before stated, is now obsolete, except being kept on the last Saturday in May, when it is abundantly supplied with various articles of merchandize; a fair also is held annually, on the 22nd of November. In 1841, the parish of New Buckenham contained 716 souls.
POST-OFFICE, at Henry Ely's. Letters delivered at 8 30 a.m. and despatched to Norwich and all parts via Attleborough at 6 p.m.
Andrews Thomas watchmaker (and dealer in fancy goods) Bilham James corn and coal merchant Buddery Lydia clothier Clowes Edward Norris solicitor, agent to the Royal Farmer's fire, life and hail insurance, registrar of births & deaths, & magistrates' clerk Davy Daniel cooper Foulger Mr. Samuel Harvey Thomas Brown painter, &c. Howard Horace surgeon Johnson Samuel carrier Palmer Francis miller Palmer Mr. Jonathan Rayson William F. stonemason Stebbings Thomas glazier, &c. Turner Ed. H. chemist & druggist, agent to the National Mercantile, fire and life Townshend Jno. auctioneer, currier. agent to the Star, fire and life Turner Mrs. Harriet Tyrrell William schoolmaster Wallis John smith and ironmonger Wallis Johnson tinman Wilson Daniel glover & hairdresser Bakers. Farmers. Knights William Betts Edwd. Wiseman (and dealer) Woodrow Henry Bond Maria Gall John, jun. Gall John, sen. Beer Retailers. Knights William Rose Sarah Boot and Shoemakers. Grocers and Drapers. Buddery Henry (and Bryant Richard currier) Julian John, draper and clothier Calver William Turner H. and J. Garrod Robert Turner James Butchers. Saddlers. Gaynor John Austin James (agent for the Norwich Lansdell George Union, fire and life) Lawrence John Townshend Thomas Watling Henry Carpenters. Tailors. Aldis D.F. and W. Davy Thomas Chapman William Stebbings Elvin Inns and Taverns. Brett Henry George and Dragon (and horse breaker) Ely Henry King's Head Stebbings Elvin White Horse
CARRIER to Norwich, Johnson, Saturday, at 5 morning.
See also the New Buckenham parish page.
Copyright © Pat Newby.