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Norfolk: Banham

William White's History, Gazetteer, and Directory of Norfolk 1883

[Transcription copyright © Pat Newby]

BANHAM parish has a small village on a gentle eminence, 6½ miles from Harling Road Station, 3½ miles from Eccles Station, 2¼ miles from Kenninghall and New Buckenham, and 5 miles E. by N. of East Harling. It is in Guiltcross union and hundred, Attleboro' county court district, Norwich bankruptcy district, Guiltcross and Shropham petty sessional division, East Harling polling district of South Norfolk, Rockland rural deanery, and Norfolk archdeaconry. It had 1142 inhabitants in 1881, living on 3963 acres, and has a rateable value of £5885.

The trustees of the late Isaac Fiske, the Earl of Albemarle, Misses Charlotte and Louisa Clarke, trustees of John Gall, Lady Hampton, Richard Bird, Thomas L. Palmer, John Henry Palmer and some smaller owners are the principal landowners. In consequence of the Duke of Norfolk inducing his tenants to enfranchise, there is now only about half-an-acre of copyhold in the parish, which is of the manor of Hockham. J.O. Howard Taylor is lord of the manors of Banham, Mareschalls, Beckhall, Greys, and Hockham.

The parish is noted for the manufacture of cider; Messrs. Gaymer & Son have extensive stores, established over 200 years. There are two brick and tile manufactories, the clay found here containing a percentage of oxide of iron, which gives the colour for the red brick.

The CHURCH (Virgin Mary) is a large and handsome structure, which was thoroughly restored in 1863, chiefly at the expense of the rector. It comprises nave, aisles, and chancel, with a square tower with clock and six bells, surmounted by a leaded spire, 125 feet in height. On the north side of the chancel is a wooden effigy of Sir Hugh Bardolph, Kt., in armour, and on the south side are three sedilia and a piscina. The fine five-light east window is filled with beautiful stained glass. The pulpit, lectern, reading desk, reredos, and chancel stalls are of richly-carved oak. The nave is furnished with open benches with carved ends, and the organ is a sweet-toned instrument. The font is of Caen stone, with crocketed spiral canopy of wood, in the Early English style. At the east end of the south aisle is a stained window in memory of some members of the Gall family, and on the north side of the chancel is a two-light in memory of the wife and son of the present rector, inserted in 1876, and another was unveiled in 1882, in memory of the Wick family.

The rectory, valued in the King's Book at £9 3s. 6½d., is in the patronage of the Lord Chancellor and incumbency of the Rev. John George Fardell, M.A., who has 34 acres of glebe, a yearly tithe rent-charge of £1250 per annum (exclusive of the tithe on the glebe), and an ancient but comfortable residence, in which is a fine collection of old carved-oak cabinets and furniture. A cemetery, about 1½ acres in extent, given by the rector, was consecrated as 'an addition to the churchyard' on July 15, 1881; it being distant a quarter of a mile, a mortuary chapel was erected by voluntary subscription at a cost of £300.

The Wesleyans and Primitive Methodists have each a chapel here; the former was built in 1822.

The yearly sum of £3 18s. is paid to the Board School out of 6 acres of land left by John Bidwell in 1713, for schooling six poor children. The TOWN LANDS, partly acquired in the 15th century, have been conveyed to trustees from time to time for the church and poor, and consist of about 43 acres with a cottage, let for £58 a year.

A SCHOOL BOARD was formed in 1875, and consists of Messrs. Thomas L. Palmer, William Gaymer, jun., Isaac Cook, Richard Rout, and Joseph Armes. Mr. L. Lane is clerk to the Board. A new School for 180 children was built in 1877 at a cost of £1362.

The Fuel Allotments, awarded at the enclosure in 1790, consisted of 123A. 2R. 2P. of fen and 9A. 3R. 27P. on Holme Hills; but 113A. have been recently exchanged with the Earl of Albemarle for an estate of 89A. 0R. 29P. in Kenninghall Park Common, now let for £74 per annum, which, with the rent of the remaining land, and 10s. a year from Leeder's plantation (Bidwell's gift), is distributed to the poor in calico, coal, blankets, &c.

The Guildhall Feoffment consists of an old building divided into two tenements, three small cottages called the Town Houses, and 3A, 1R. 0P. of land, let for £5. These premises being settled for superstitious uses, fell to the lord of the manor, who in 1549 granted them to feoffees for the use of all the copyhold tenants on condition that the lord should have the liberty to hold the manor court in the old building called the Guildhall. The poor have 20s. a year, left by Mrs. Dorothy Gawdy. In 1832 Mrs. Mary Bowles gave 5A. 3R. 20P. of land, in trust for the poor of Banham and Kenninghall in equal shares.

The POST, MONEY ORDER OFFICE, and SAVINGS BANK is at Mr. T.S. Barnard's. Letters arrive at 7.15 a.m. and are despatched at 7.10 p.m., and on Sundays at 10.25 a.m., viâ Attleborough. New Buckenham is the nearest Telegraph Office.

	Adams      Mrs Mary         farmer, Chequers farm
	Armes      Joseph           miller, baker and farmer, Moor farm
	Badcock    Jno.             vict. Crown, & farmer
	Barker     William          miller
	Barnard    Albert           vict. Greyhound
	Barnard    Thomas Syrett    tailor and woollen draper, Post Office
	Bethell    John Edgar Ward  saddler, furniture broker, &c
	Betney     Henry            farmer
	Betts      Harry            farmer and cattle dealer, Haugh farm
	Blackburn  Robert           farmer
	Bowen      James            wheelwright
	Bowen      Thomas           horse clipper
	Brown      Thomas           farmer & fruit dealer
	Burgess    Thomas           farmer
	Burlingham Mrs Maria
	Calton     Mrs Esther       clothes dealer
	Chapman    Geo.             blcksmth. & parish clk
	Clarke     Misses Charlotte
	             & Louisa       The Hall
	Cole       William          principal, Banham Commercial School
	Cook       Isaac            farmer, The Grove
	Copeman    John             hurdle mkr. & thatchr
	Cracknell  Mrs Jemima       flour and meal dealer
	Cracknell  Miss Matilda
	             Elizabeth      plumber and painter
	Cunningham George           farmer, Fen
	Egmore     John             grocer and draper
	Fardell    Rev. John
	             Geo., M.A.     Rectory
	Foulger    Robert           farmer
	Frost      James            farmer
	Frost      Robert           shoemaker, Moor
	Gaymer     Edwd. T.         frmr. The Wash frm
	Gaymer     Mr Wm.           The Wash farm
	Gaymer     Wm. & Son        cider manfrs. & merts. & frmrs.
	                              (See Advertisement) [see below]
	Gaymer     Wm. jun.         cider manfr. (Wm. & Son), and farmer,
	                              Heath road
	Germany    Mr John
	Germany    Thomas Geo.      farmer, Moor
	Huggins    Robert           farmer, Church grn
	Holmes     Miss Mary        Banham house
	Humphrey   Miss Elizabeth   shopkeepr
	Humphrey   James            carpenter
	Hunt       John Birkbeck    brick and tile manufacturer and farmer
	Hunt       James Lilly      gardener and beer and wine retailer,
	                              Garden house
	Hurrell    Wm.              whitesmth. & blacksmth
	Jolley     Edgar G.A.       farmer
	Jolley     Mrs Sarah        farmer, Church grn
	Kemp       Robert           shopkeeper
	Kemp       Stephen          farmer
	Kettle     Alfred           plumber and painter, and at Winfarthing
	Limmer     George           bricklayer
	Lighton    Alfred           shoemaker, coal dealer and shopkeeper
	Ludkin                      builders and general contractors
	 & Son                        (See Advertisement) [see below]
	Ludkin     Wm.              builder (& Son), & frmr
	Ludkin     Wm. Hy.          bldr. (& Son), & fmr
	Moore      David            shoemaker
	Moore      Henry            shoemaker
	Mounsher   Miss Martha
	             Elizabeth
	Murrell    Mrs Elizabeth    Rose cottage
	Newell     Mrs Sarah        The Moor
	Newson     Mrs Sophia       Rose cottage
	Nudds      Robert           victualler, Brickmakers' Arms,
	                              and carpenter
	Palmer     Mr Ellis
	Palmer     Miss Martha Ann  infant Board schoolmistress
	Palmer     Thos. Leonard    fmr. & landownr
	Pashley    William          grocer, draper and cider manufacturer
	                              and agent to the Norwich Equitable
	                              Fire Assce. Co.
	Pawson     Thos. Branton    Board schlmstr
	Pitchers   Wm.              vict. Red Lion, & pig dlr
	Ribbons    Charles          fruiterer
	Robinson   David            farmer and landowner and brick and
	                              tile manfr
	Rolfe      Fredk.           farmer, Potash farm
	Roper      Miss Eliza       Yew cottage
	Roper      John             farmer, assistant overseer and
	                              highway rate collector
	Rout       Fredk. Rd.       (R. & Son), cider mfr
	Rout       George           butcher and dealer
	Rout       Henry Chas.      butcher and dealer
	Rout       R. & Son         cider manufacturers
	                              (See Advertisement [see below]
	Rout       Richard          (R. & Son), butcher, farmer and
	                              cider manufacturer
	Ryder      James            boot and shoe maker
	Saunders   Charles          farmer
	Saunders   James            farmer, Rectory farm
	Smith      John             vict. King's Head
	Spurling   James            wheelwright
	Stevenson  John             foreman carpenter
	Stone      James            farmer
	Taylor     Hy.              builder & timber merchant
	Taylor     Henry            carpenter and smoke bacon curer
	Taylor     Herbert          bricklayer
	Turvey     John             farmer, lime burner and whitening
	                              manufr. Limekiln farm
	Turvey     Robert           vict. Horse Shoes
	Twiddy     Mr Robert
	Vout       William          carrier to Norwich
	Wake       George           horse dealer & beerhs
	Wells      Mrs Amelia       ladies' seminary, The Priory
	Warlow     Thomas Meyler,   classical master at Banham
	             M.A., LL.D.      Commercial School, Beech cottage
	Whistler   Rev. Alfred
	             Jas., B.A.     curate
CARRIERS -
William Vout to Norwich, Mon. and Thurs., returning Tues. and Fri.;
- Filby, New Buckenham, passes through for passengers and goods to Norwich, Wed, & Sat

Banham Commercial School; Mr W. Cole, principal
[In the original, this is in the alphabetical directory, between Badcock and Barker].

In the advertisements at the end of the directory are the following:
Page 8 - Gaymer
Page 11 - Ludkin
Page 19 - Rout

 
GAYMER & SON,
THE
Norfolk Cider Growers,
BANHAM, ATTLEBOROUGH.

ESTABLISHED NEARLY TWO CENTURIES.

[Picture of barrels, trees, and apples in baskets]
TRADE MARK.

The Public supplied direct, or through Wine Merchants.
 A List of Bottlers, together with Prices, Testimonials, and Private Medical 
Opinions furnished on application.
CIDER SPECIALLY PREPARED FOR EXPORT.

 
LUDKIN & SON,
Builders and General Contractors,
BANHAM, NEAR ATTLEBOROUGH.

Ecclesiastical Work in all its Branches.

 
ESTABLISHED   [Picture of a stag's head]   1856.

R. ROUT & SON,
CIDER MANUFACTURERS,
Banham, Attleborough, NORFOLK.

Sparkling Champagne Cider.   Price Lists forwarded on Application.


See also the Banham parish page.

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Copyright © Pat Newby.
September 2009