Each parish after the great Highways Act of 1555 was responsible for the repair of the roads within its boundaries. This Act with later modifications was in force until a new one in 1835.
Every person who occupied land or kept horses etc. had to provide some of the following:- days of labour, carts etc. People who occupied houses and cottages had also to provide labour in some form either as unpaid labour by themselves or others.
In later years this was commuted to a Surveyors' Rate upon the inhabitants which was then spent repairing its highways. The main roads also saw the introduction of turnpike trusts where those that used them paid for their maintenance.
For more information on these records see the Parish Accounts page.
This is one item from Norfolk Record Office document [with reference PD 334/25 and microform MF 969/5] containing the Surveyors' account book (1773-1800) and is the rate and payments for the year 1773.
|- Churchwardens' Accounts -|
|1703-04 Wapping and
Gt Massingham Fires,
|- Surveyors' Accounts -|
|- Land Tax Accounts -|
[Transcription copyright © Mike Bristow]
Of the daily highway duty composition and penalty, chargeable on the Occupiers and Inhabitants, between 18 and 65 years of age in the said parish.
Robert Ives and Peter Wilson Surveyors in the parish 1773
Note that only the Names, Rentable values, Duty per day - Teams (of Horses) and Labour to be provided are given here. The columns which have not been transcribed are :-
|Duty per day in|
|1||Zu(rishaddai) Girdlestone Gent||40.0||0||4|
|2||William Hewitt Rector||20.0||0||2|
|3||John Custance Clerk||6.0||0||2|
|Credit||£ .s .d|
|To Cash paid for Gravel||0. 5. 0|
|By ditto to 46 Labourers employed on|
Highways this year at 1s 6d per day
|3. 9. 0|
|By ditto to 50 Teams at 6s per day||15. 0. 0|
Oct 12th 1773
Accounts examined on Oath and allowed before us
W. W. Bulwer
[End of Document]
See also the Baconsthorpe parish page.
Copyright © Mike Bristow.