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Norfolk Hundreds

White's History, Gazetteer, and Directory of Norfolk 1845

SOUTH ERPINGHAM HUNDRED

[Transcription copyright © Richard Johns]

Is a highly cultivated district, finely interspersed with woods, streams, villages, churches, and many handsome seats. It is of a crooked spiral figure, about 16 miles in length, exclusive of a narrow strip at its northern extremity, terminating at West Beckham; and varying from 9 to less than 5 miles in breadth, extending to within 3 miles of the ocean. It is bounded on the south by Taverham, on the west by Eynesford and Holt, on the north by North Erpingham, and on the east by Tunstead Hundred. The river Bure flows through it, from Corpusty to Belaugh, receiving in its course many tributary streams, watering a fertile valley, which in some places is broken into bold and picturesque acclivities. In 1773, an act was obtained to make the Bure navigable from Coltishall up to Aylsham, a market town, nearly in the centre of this Hundred, which forms, in ecclesiastical matters, the Deanery of Ingworth, in the Archdeaconry of Norwich.

PETTY SESSIONS, for the whole Hundred, are held at the Black Boy, Aylsham, every Tuesday; and Mr. Fredk. Roe is clerk to the magistrates. The fee of it remained in the Crown till 1226, when Henry III. granted it to Hubert de Burgh, Earl of Kent, at which time the Hundred Court was held at Cawston Park Gate.

It contains 38 parishes, of which the following is an enumeration, shewing their population in 1841, the annual value of their lands and buildings, as assessed to the County Rate in 1843, and their territorial extent, in assessable acres.

	+==================================================+
	|                 |          |    Annl.   |        |        
	|    PARISHES.    |   Pop.   |    Val.    | Acres. |
	|                 |          |     £.     |        |
	+--------------------------------------------------+
	| Alby                 299         1448        715 |
	| Aylsham             2448       10,478       4102 |
	| Baconsthorpe         326         1638       1348 |
	| Banningham @         329         1680        908 |
	| Barningham(Ltl.)     229         1196       1225 |
	| Beckham (West)       179         1034        723 |
	| Belaugh              164         1072        826 |
	| Blickling @          356         2444       2081 |
	| Booton               241         1730       1011 |
	| Brampton *           263          990        482 |
	| Burgh St. Mary *     314         1562        789 |
	| Buxton *             713         2824       1204 |
	| Calthorpe            214         1656       1028 |
	| Cawston             1130         4248       3805 |
	| Colby @              346         1870       1075 |
	| Coltishall           897         3412       1129 |
	| Corpusty             449         1340        927 |
	| Erpingham @          475         2608       1348 |
	| Hautboys (Great)     162          936        589 |
	| Hevingham *          893         3400       2793 |
	| Heydon               321         1660       1717 |
	| Ingworth             152          956        496 |
	| Irmingland            13          840        704 |
	| Itteringham @        351         1814       1442 |
	| Lammas-with-  }      257}                        |
	|  Ltl. Hautboys}       42}        1634        811 |
	| Mannington            20          590        548 |
	| Marsham *            698         2214       1384 |
	| Oulton @             409         1898       1675 |
	| Oxnead *              56         1244        641 |
	| Saxthorpe            342         1952       2073 |
	| Scottow              539         3504       2068 |
	| Skeyton *            351         2018       1227 |
	| Stratton-Straw-}                                 |
	|  less *        }     277         1636       1217 |
	| Swanton-Abbot *      501         1700        946 |
	| Thwaite              170         1044        482 |
	| Tuttington           227         1620        822 |
	| Wickmere             307         1612        975 |
	| Wolterton             43         1142        722 |
	+--------------------------------------------------+
	|   Total           15,500       76,644     48,058 |
	+==================================================+

[There is more information about individual parishes]

All the above parishes are in Aylsham Union, except Baconsthorpe and West Beckham, which are in Erpingham Union, and Booton, which is in St. Faith's Union. All are in Aylsham Police Division, except Belaugh, which is in Dereham Division. The population of the Hundred, in 1831, was 14,898. Its annual value, as assessed to the PROPERTY TAX, was £56,205, in 1815, and £85,527, in 1842.

* @ AYLSHAM UNION comprises 35 parishes in South Erpingham, and 11 parishes in Eynesford Hundred. (See page 344. [this is in Eynesford Hundred description]) These 46 parishes comprise an area of 106 square miles; and in 1841, had 20,056 inhabitants, of whom 9869 were males and 10,187 females. Their average annual expenditure, during the three years preceding the formation of the Union, was £20,391; but in 1838, it was only £9652. For the quarter ending Dec. 1844, it was £2569.

The Union Workhouses are at Buxton and Oulton, both of which are old Houses of Industry; that at Buxton, 4 miles S.S.E. of Aylsham, being built before the year 1800, for nine incorporated parishes, (marked * in the foregoing table;) and that at Oulton, 3½ miles N.W. of Aylsham, being altered in 1804, as a Workhouse for the six parishes marked @ in the foregoing table.

After the formation of the Union, in 1836, these houses were altered and enlarged, at the cost of about £1200. That at Buxton has room for about 400 paupers, and that at Oulton for about 100. Only the aged and infirm are sent to the latter, where the average weekly cost of each inmate, for food and clothing, is 2s 11.; but at Buxton it is 2s. 0½d. The Union has two chaplains and eight surgeons; and Mr. Wm. Hill, of Marsham, is Union Clerk and Supt. Registrar.

The Masters of the Workhouses are, Mr. Thomas Potter, at Buxton, and Mr. E. F. Barnaby, at Oulton. Mr. J. Wright and Mr. A. Sands are the district registrars and relieving officers. In the months of Oct. Nov. and Dec. 1844, no fewer than 18 persons died in this Union, each of them above 80, and three of them above 90 years of age.


Notes

Some placenames in the transcription (of pages 450 to 451) above are given below together with their standard spelling :-
Barningham(Ltl.)/Little Barningham, Beckham (West)/West Beckham, Burgh St. Mary/Burgh next Aylsham, Hautboys (Great)/Great Hautboys (Great Hautbois), Ltl. Hautboys/Little Hautboys (Little Hautbois), Stratton-Straw-less/Stratton Strawless, Swanton Abbot/Swanton Abbott, Thwaite/Thwaite All Saints


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Copyright © Mike Bristow.
April 2006